The fall of communism in Poland began according to a plan that Lech Walesa and the Solidarity Movement created. They knew they had to take advantage of a key moment when the people’s faith in the Soviet Union was at an all-time low, so they planned strikes and protests to coincide with it. The whole thing culminated in August 1989, when the Polish government met with the Solidarity Movement to discuss how things were going to change. In December 1990, there was a peaceful transfer of power from General Wojciech Jaruzelski (the leader of Poland) to Tadeusz Mazowiecki (the first democratically elected Prime Minister). This marked the complete end of communism in Poland.
Communism ended in Poland following the fall of the Soviet Union, a process that took place in 1989 and 1990.
[To be learned later]
It’s important to remember that [the end of communism in Poland] was not an overnight change. The process took place over several years and involved many factors. For example, many East Germans fleeing communist oppression were able to cross into West Germany through the Berlin Wall in 1989. This event helped push communism out of Poland and other countries in Eastern Europe by making it clear that communism was not working as a system of government anymore.
It was a slow process.
Communism, under the leadership of the Polish United Workers’ Party, had a firm grip on power in Poland. It didn’t take long for that to change.
The change was slow and gradual.
It began with strikes by workers demanding better working conditions and pay, which soon spread throughout all sectors of society. The government responded with martial law: military rule imposed against civilians without any judicial process or trial by jury. Martial law lasted from December 13th 1981 until July 22nd 1983 when it was lifted by a decision made by General Jaruzelski himself because there were no longer any reasons for its continuation in light of “the success” achieved by the communist government during its first year in power!
The fall of Communism in Poland was a momentous event that changed the country’s history forever. Today, Poland is a democratic republic governed by elected officials. Its citizens enjoy a high standard of living and are able to participate freely in political activities.